Here's a quick statement of one of the big points of The Bottomless Well:
What most of us think about energy demand is even more wrong. Our main use of energy isn't lighting, locomotion, or cooling; what we use energy for, mainly, is to extract, refine, process, and purify energy itself. And the more efficient we become at refining energy in this way, the more we want the final product. Thus, more efficient engines ... lead to more energy consumption, not less. [pg. xxiii]
I call this the charity model of energy: most of the money we donate to charity is used to garner more donations to charity. Energy works the same way.