In other places I’ve talked about these two topics. They both can be summed up with a comic:
Grandstanding is the opposition to your political opponents policies just for the sake of politics. Macro is harder for students because they don’t always have the life experience to 1) recognize grandstanding when they see it, or 2) recognize that one or both policies may not be very bright.
The metacognition deficit is Brooks’ idea that too many people in D.C. these days don’t give enough thought to why they have the positions they do, or why others have the positions they do. Macro is harder for students, who are already at the age when too many things are black and white, when that metacognition deficit leads to politicians talking past each other.
P.S. Love the pint glasses.