My friend was at a house with three other individuals. They were partying and apparently they had entered the house without the owner's permission.
The owner showed up and told them to get out. My friend said they refused and they might have threatened the owner. But he didn't say what exactly the threat was.
Then the owner went to a closet and got a gun and aimed it at them and forced them out at gunpoint. Was the owner right to do this, and was it legal?
Let’s just say most of the responses are more highly evolved.
Most interestingly, one commenter commented on the narrow, and decidedly non-libertarian positions, of the other commenters:
… No shortage of good answers here, stating in so many words, "Your friends did what!?" … [emphasis added]
Like a significant number of questions about the legality/criminality of a particular act … "The Law" serves no purpose other than to guide police officers, prosecutors, and judges with regards to what to do with the parties to a dispute after the dispute has played itself out. …
What you are really asking is whether your friends can have their outrageous behavior excused by a legal technicality, and the answer is: Sometimes yes … However, even in a situation where a homeowner is arrested, prosecuted, and convicted of using "unreasonable force," the most likely outcome is that your friends would also be arrested, prosecuted, and found guilty of a number of serious crimes, assuming they were not shot by someone before that could happen.
In other places I’ve talked about these two topics. They both can be summed up with a comic:
Grandstanding is the opposition to your political opponents policies just for the sake of politics. Macro is harder for students because they don’t always have the life experience to 1) recognize grandstanding when they see it, or 2) recognize that one or both policies may not be very bright.
The metacognition deficit is Brooks’ idea that too many people in D.C. these days don’t give enough thought to why they have the positions they do, or why others have the positions they do. Macro is harder for students, who are already at the age when too many things are black and white, when that metacognition deficit leads to politicians talking past each other.
In statistics, when you test hypotheses, you can make two kinds of mistakes.
But those mistakes are based on your null hypothesis. What’s that? Students and practitioners are often very confused about this. They think the null hypothesis has to have some deep significance to the data they’re looking at. Not so (although it might be useful if it did). What is most important about the null hypothesis is that you can describe how the data is going to behave if it is true. You don’t need to know if the null is true or not to be able to do that, and in fact you may never know if it really is true.
In the images, the null hypothesis is that you’re not pregnant. We never know (before the test, and sometimes even after) whether that’s true or not. But if it were true, the data would behave in a certain way: mustaches might be observed, or maybe presenting a swollen abdomen would not be observed, and a host of other more important details that might show up in urine or blood.
A Type I error is what you get when a true null hypothesis is rejected in favor of the alternative. Again, you never know for sure, but it’s plausible that if you’re null is that someone isn’t pregnant, and they have mustaches, and you conclude that they’re pregnant, you’ve probably made a mistake.
A Type II error is what you get when a false null hypothesis is not rejected. Again, you never know for sure, but it’s plausible that if you’re null is that someone isn’t pregnant, and they present with a swollen abdomen, and you conclude that they’re not pregnant, you’ve probably made a mistake.
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