… With an over abundance of players, the Winnipegs decided to field two teams in 1933. The best players played for the 'A' team which kept the Winnipegs name. They wore blue and white jerseys. …
In 1934, the Winnipegs wore new uniforms which were blue and gold. …
… In 1936, during a game against the University of North Dakota, Winnipeg Tribune sports writer Vince Leah remarked "these are the Blue Bombers of Western football." This phrase was referring to then heavyweight champion Joe Louis, known as the Brown Bomber. From that day forward the team has been known as the Winnipeg Blue Bombers. …
I was unable to determine when they started calling Joe Louis “the brown bomber”. But, he started fighting professionally in 1934, and was on every boxing fans radar after he defeated Primo Carnera in June, 1935. So, the 1936 date for Winnipeg seems plausible.
Now, it is the official position of the franchise:
In the 18th century, before they had solid medical ways of determining if a non-responsive body was actually dead, this was one of the methods they used. Apparently your body would react to this even if you weren’t conscious.
The vXboy asked why the name Lloyd starts with two L’s.
I replied that I didn’t know. But then my male trivia gene kicked in, and I remarked that it was probably Welsh.
Sure enough, Lloyd is of Welsh origin … and the original meaning of the word is … grey … perhaps brownish … like the color of a mouse. it may have been originally used to identify people by the color of their hair.
P.S. And Gough, surname of a kid I was friends with in high school … means red (or red-headed) in Welsh.
This brought to mind an old bit of trivia: where does the name bourbon come from? This is old, because I’d tried (and failed) to figure this out a few years ago. This time I succeeded, but there’s a lot of threads to tie together.
Bourbon is a form of whiskey. Whiskey is one of the distilled spirits made from grain (a plant from the grass family, instead of other starchy plants like sugar cane, potatoes, rice, or sorghum).
Most whiskeys are defined by a recipe derived in some location: like Scotch, Irish Whiskey, Canadian Whiskey or Tennessee Whiskey. Others are named after the prime ingredient: rye.
But bourbon isn’t an ingredient (bourbon is primarily made from corn) or a place, is it?
And most of it is made in, and around, Bardstown, and the areas surrounding Nelson County. There is a Bourbon County, but it isn’t that close, and no bourbon is made there.
So, why bourbon?
Well, prior to independence, and in the early days of the republic, many states claimed unsettled land immediately to their west. At the time, when settlers moved west over the mountains, the were moving away from civilization but they weren’t officially leaving the state. In the case of Virginia, this over the mountains area was given county status in 1777, as Kentucky County, within the state of Virginia.
Some of this I kind of knew. But today, I hit upon the website of a town called Cynthiana, where someone has lovingly recorded all the details.
Here’s a contemporary map showing the counties in 1777 (sorry I didn’t choose their “clear” color scheme):
Kentucky County (on the far left) roughly corresponds with the eastern part of the current state of Kentucky.
A few years later, Kentucky County was broken into 3 counties:
Here’s a map from 1784 showing the area around where the 3 counties meet:
In the above map, Louisville would be near the center of the left edge, while Cincinnati would be near the center top edge. Virginia continued to subdivide counties, and created the original Bourbon County, as shown in this map of the counties in the late 1780’s:
Back in those days, distilling your corn harvest into liquor was one way to both preserve its value, as well as making it more readily transportable (adding to its value). Distilling came to America with the Scots-Irish, who settled heavily into Kentucky, and their liquor became known as bourbon (my guess is that most of the liquor that made it east over the mountains came from the easternmost county).
I edit a journal. I am doing final editing on a paper that’s almost ready to go to print. And I realize that the references haven’t been checked yet.* Too late to ask someone else, so I do it myself.
And a funny thing happened.
The first reference in the body of the paper was the first one in the alphabetical list of references at the end of the paper. No biggie.
But then the second reference in the body was the second in alphabetical order.
I didn’t see the pattern until I was almost done. But here are the authors in order of mention in the paper:
Bardhan and Walker 
Chen, Roll and Ross 
Clark-Neely and Wheelock 
Paletta and Scannell 
And what came after Shiers? Sorry folks; Zou, Miller and Malamud’s  paper was mentioned a few sentences before Zimmerman .
What are the odds? The paper had 10 references. The odds are 1 in 10 that the first paper mentioned would be first alphabetically. After that there are 9 more left, so the odds of the second paper mentioned being second alphabetically are 1 in 9. But, the odds of both of them turning out that was are now 1 in 90. Do the math: the odds of 8 papers appearing in alphabetical order is 1,814,400 to 1.
FWIW: The paper will appear on the website next week.
* For those who aren’t academics, when you publish a paper in a journal, items are referenced in the body of the paper in some sort of shorthand, and a complete references appear at the end of the article. Checking references means making sure everything that’s in the body is also in the back.
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